The Reappearance Era and Occultation Era
According to Islamic resources, people will experience enormous blessings in the reappearance era. These blessings can be divided into two main groups, namely “Material blessings” and “Spiritual blessings“. Some of them are mentioned briefly in below:
Establishment of justice
He is the just person for whom all are waiting. At the appearance era, justice will be done to everybody as sun rays penetrate through their houses. Justice will be inclusive in the sense that it will cover everyone no matter if he is beneficent or not. Also, he will offer the previous prophets’ books without any deviation; he will judge among the Jews by Torah, among Christians by Gospel and among Muslims by the Holy Quran. At that time, everyone will take back his/her rights.
Establishment of security
During his governorship, security will be provided in the entire world; oppressors will be perished; plunderous and seditious people will be removed; and all the routes will become safe.
People’s relish for religion
Due to his appropriate method for inviting people, they will have relish for religion and worship; those expelled from religion will return to Islam hopefully; alterations (in religion), disbelieving, and oppressions will be eradicated in his era.
Improvement of moral sense and logical powers
Due to Imam Mahdi’s (As) favor, people’s wisdom will improve and their tempers will become perfect; their hearts will get filled with richness; while hypocrisy will remove from amongst them; trusting will be prevailed; roots of lie and accusation will be uprooted, and no one will think of himself to be superior to the other.
Improvement of science and knowledge
Besides the two portions of science which are brought by previous prophets (PBUT) , the remaining twenty five portions will be revealed by Imam Mahdi (As) in the reappearance era. He will fill the earth with science and knowledge just as he filled it with justice. With his favor, the hearts of faithful people will get filled with science.
Nature assisting faithful people
Since faithful people support Mahdi (As) , the earth and the sky will flow their blessings towards them, and their life will be full of blessings. There will be rain; trees will become fruitful; and plants will grow out of ground.
Economic ease for all people
At that time, people will have a merciful governor. He will grant all people in such a way that no one has done before (generously and equally). Because of this economic safety, there will be no need to amass wealth or to accumulate properties.
Furthermore, the whole world will be full of rivers and everyone will possess enough supply of water. Domesticated animals will become abundant on the earth and people will benefit from them. In behalf of him, the blessing will flourish the earth and the earth will become full of serenity and pleasantness.
Continuation of the pious’ governorship on earth till the resurrection day
The governorship of Imam Mahdi (As) is the beginning of the governorship of Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) household on earth; that is actually the government of the pious which was promised by the Holy Quran, the Torah, the Psalms, and other scriptures. There is no definite period of time specified for this government, and it will continue until the resurrection day
Imam Mahdi (As) is destined to gain nothing but the final and permanent victory; hence, he will be among people just like his fathers.
As it was mentioned Imam Mahdi (As) is away from eyes of people according to Divine will, the one who knows everything. In occultation era he has abundant favor upon Shia and all pious people of other religions. He has helped Shia and other people many times, and in this era hundreds of people have succeeded in meeting him. There are two periods of occultation considered for him: The first one is called minor occultation and the other is called major occultation. The minor occultation (almost 69 years) happened in the third century (after Hijrah). In this era he contacted people by special men. These persons, who were four, were known as the special deputies (Nowwab Khas). They became the special deputy of Imam Mahdi (As) one after another, but after the demise of the last deputy he becomes away from eyes of people for an unknown period which has last till now. He lives among people and when he reappears many people say that they have seen him before but, hadn’t known him. Some people renounce his occultation and have doubted about his existence. There is a brief answer to their claim. Not seeing something does not mean that it doesn’t exist. No wise person can deny a concept like soul which no one can see it.
The philosophy of occultation
All the concepts which exist in Islam are according to wisdom. But there may be some concepts which our wisdom can’t say anything about. If we face a fact in religion, which our wisdom and our limited insight neither can prove it nor can renounce it definitely, so we should accept it. Because firstly the religion is based on wisdom secondly, insight of man is confined to time and place, and the only one who there is no end to his insight and knowledge is almighty Allah (SWT) – our creator.
This preface was mentioned in order to generalize this proof for the claim of some people about occultation. Occultation and some other concepts are related to Divine reason (Hikmah) and are not known to man perfectly. However there are some reasons and effects for occultation, which will be briefly mentioned. It is should be mentioned that the Divine reason of this concept is not known for man.
The fear of being killed
As we know Moses (PBUH) grew up in Pharaoh’s palace, while he knew nothing of this child and his ancestors. According to divine will Moses (PBUH) grew up and continued his life. Likewise according to divine will the savior is away from access of oppressors and this divine savior is kept on earth, otherwise he would have been martyred like his ancestors.
Not being obedient to oppressors
It is obvious that he shouldn’t obey oppressors, but he should only obey Allah (SWT) in order to reach the final victory. But if like his ancestors he is made to pretend the obedience of the oppressors to keep his life and religion, he would never reach this goal. So if he is not obedient to no one except Allah (SWT) naturally in the existing situation he should be away of the eyes of people.
Purifying people and divine examination
It is a Devine rule to examine people. Occultation is a way of examining people. In this way the people who are more insistent in their beliefs will be successful in this examination. On the other hand the people who have weak beliefs doubt about this concept and put aside divine religion. This is a way to know people whether they are believer or not.
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